According to BuzzFeed Health, there are three separate guidelines to an infant's risk for developing a peanut allergy. For those youngsters and for their families, that means avoiding a wide array of peanut-containing foods or risking potentially severe, even life-threatening reactions.
The NIH statement reads: "Peanut allergy is a growing health problem for which no treatment or cure exists".
The recommendations provide specific instructions for how and when to introduce peanut-containing foods to infants - for some, as early as four to six months of age - depending on whether they're at high, moderate or low risk of developing the allergy.
Those who have peanut allergy ought to be very careful.
"We're on the cusp of hopefully being able to prevent a large number of cases of peanut allergy", said Dr. Matthew Greenhawt of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, a member of the NIH-appointed panel that wrote the guidelines.
That said, before you introduce peanut-containing products to a child, make sure they are evaluated by an allergy specialist first.
But Kane added: "We still need to take peanut allergy seriously".
The results, published in 2015 in the New England Journal of Medicine, showed that children at high risk who regularly consumed peanuts as infants had an 81 percent lower chance of developing a peanut allergy by age 5.
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Whether the dietary change really will cut USA peanut allergies depends on how many parents heed the new advice, and the guidelines urge doctors to follow up, even offer lower-risk tots an in-office taste, to reassure them.
The third category falls under the children who are unlikely to develop an allergy, wherein there is no family history about it or any food allergies. Never give whole peanuts to an infant as they are a choking hazard.
Rady Children's Hospital has already begun putting the peanut protocol into practice said Dr. Lawrence Eichenfield, Rady's chief of dermatology and part of the national panel of experts who voted to make the national policy change. But the delay didn't help, and that recommendation was dropped in 2008, although parent wariness of peanuts persists. Ask a parent today, and they'll tell you that peanuts aren't even allowed in the cafeteria. The recommended guidelines for the early introduction of foods which contain peanuts should be followed. "The irony is that the parents who are most afraid - those with a high-risk infant - should be introducing peanut earliest".
Infants should always be started on other foods which are solid prior to being introduced to foods which contain peanuts. They should start peanut-based foods around 6 months, at home.
Researchers in the meantime had noticed a tenfold higher rate of peanut allergy among Jewish children in Britain, who aren't fed peanut products during infancy, compared to those in Israel, where peanut-based foods are common starting around age 7 months.
"That came out of the blue for us", said Michelle.
Now the family is facing the suggestion that this might have been avoided if his introduction to peanuts had been managed differently.