Togo geography - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Togo geography - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Togo geography - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Togo is a small black sub-Saharan nation comprising a long and narrow strip of land in West Africa.

Togo's geographic coordinates are 8 ° 00 'north latitude and 1 ° 10' east longitude. It borders with three countries: Benin, to the east, with 644 kilometers of border; Burkina Faso to the north, with 126 km of border, and Ghana, with 877 km of border. To the south, Togo has 56 km of coastline along the Gulf of Benin, a sector of the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.

Togo has a length of 579 kilometers from north to south border with Burkina Faso to its coast in the Gulf of Benin) and measures only 160 km from west to east at its widest point. In total, Togo has an area of ​​56,785 km², of which 54,385 km² is land and 2,400 km² is water.

On the coast (the most populated area of ​​Togo) Lomé, which has the peculiarity of being one of the few nation capitals located in the border area, in this case along the border of Ghana. As it advances towards the interior the territory gains in height, so that in the center of the country is a wide plateau.


In the geomorphology of the territory distinguish three different regions: the coastal plain, in the S, with 56 km of low and sandy coasts, where the lagoon formations abound; the central altiplano, constituted in general by undulating reliefs of low height, although in the center-N section rises a mountain ridge of SO-NE orientation formed by foothills of the mountain range of Atakora, where the reliefs reach the 1,000 m of altitude (Mount Agou, 1,020 m, maximum height); finally, the alluvial plain of the N, mostly formed by the Oti river basin, tributary of the Volta.

The hydrographic network is mainly composed of the Mono River and its tributaries that irrigate the central section of the country and the southern plain, and then end up in the Gulf of Guinea; in the N highlights the river Oti, pertaining to the Volta basin. 60% of the population is concentrated in the coastal plain, where the capital is located, Lomé, the only city in the country. Other minor centers are Sokodé, Palimé, Mango and Atakpamé.

Human geography

Thirty ethnic groups belonging to the Sudanese racial group make up the population, 80% Which lives in rural areas within traditional villages, where they practice subsistence farming.

Economic Geography

Togo is a country with an underdeveloped economy, which is based on the rudimentary agricultural sector focused mainly on the southern plains (40% of the territory). Subsistence crops provide yams, millet, sweet potatoes, cassava, maize, sorghum, rice, legumes, fruits and vegetables; Plantation crops destined for export produce coffee, cocoa, cotton, peanuts, palm for the production of oil and coconut for the production of copra.

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Livestock, of little importance, focuses on breeding of cattle, goats, sheep and pigs, as well as volatile. Fishing, practiced in the Atlantic and in inland waters, is of little importance. The exploitation of the subsoil is based mainly on the phosphates, extracted in the region of Lake Togo; Minerals of limestone, iron ore and bauxite are also being mined.

In Lomé you will find the main port of the country and the international airport. Togo is a member of the UN, OAU, OCAM, the Council of the Entente, and the Economic Community of West African States, and is associated with the EC within the Lomé Convention.

Climate Is generally tropical with average temperatures ranging from 27.5 ° C on the coast, to about 30 ° C in the northernmost regions, with a dry climate with characteristics of a tropical savannah.

Towards the south there are two Rainy seasons (the first between April and July, and the second between (September and November), although the average rainfall is very high.