The T'OLCHE ', a Maya system of communally managed forest belts: the causes and consequences of its disappearance | SpringerLink

MEAPO invitation

MEAPO invitation

The T'OLCHE is a protected forest belt about 10-20 m wide that runs through the Mayan landscape on the edges of the maize fields of the farmers. This study explores its traditional use and management and traces how it has changed in the last 30 years in the study village in Yucatan, Mexico. A major change is in its extent; little remains of the 10-20% of the area occupied in the past. Two of the causes of this are identified as being a credit program of the local bank and 1973 state legislation concerning cattle. The causes and consequences of this decline are discussed in relation to other farmer-perceived changes in overall landuse, including a fall in maize yields. The ecological roles of the T'OLCHE are examined. It is argued that the T'OLCHE 'plays an essential role in the regeneration of the fallow vegetation and in the maintenance of biological diversity. The case of the T'OLCHE 'suggests the need for a diversified and politicized look at Common Property Resource Management.

The T'OLCHE ', a Maya system of communally managed forest belts: the causes and consequences of its disappearance | SpringerLink

How to make a vertical garden or garden | 2nd Funniest Thing
The same thing is used to make a chillout, that to finish tuning a little table or megamotivarte with a customized urban garden. You can do it with the caliper, inserting it in a hole previously drilled to be able to put the saw, or with a drill of glass.