Mexico Plants for the World - Mexico News Network

Mexico is home to one of the largest collections of endemic plants in the world.

The National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (Conabio), estimates that between 50% and 60% of the known vegetation is within our territory, which is why the United Nations Environment Program to Mexico in the group of megadiverse countries.

The agave

There are more than 300 species of agave or maguey in Mexico, of the most representative spirits of the Mexican culture such as tequila, mezcal and pulque; at the same time, the fibers of its leaves are used for fabrics, hammocks and in the manufacture of henequen. The agave is also known for its medicinal properties.

Original image: "Flowers of cempasúchil in Mexican tradition", by: Coatl 15, CC BY SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons. It is tradition that the colors of this flower flood every corner of the country during the celebrations of the Day of the Dead, but apart from decorating the altars, it is said that a tea of ​​the 'flower of twenty petals' relieves pain, colic, indigestion and other upset stomachs. Modern medicine has proven that the essential oil of the cempasúchil is an effective antibiotic against certain bacteria.

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Original Image: "Nochebuenas ", by: Edgar Daniel Fernández Rodríguez, from: CC BY NC 2.0, via Flickr

Christmas Eve flower

Original Image: "Nopal", by: Apollo Castaneda, CC BY NC SA 2.0, via Flickr

The Cactus

Considered by Mexicas as the 'plant of life', the nopal is a national symbol that is part of the basic diet of the Mexican. It has been proven that this species has several nutritional, medicinal properties and has even been used as an alternate source for the generation of biogas.

Original Image: "Cocoa", by: Aldrin Rocky, CC BY NC ND 2.0, via Flickr