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Kekul | Tumblr

In the 3rd millennium BCE, Mesopotamian kings recorded and interpreted their dreams on wax tablets. In the years since, we have not paused in our quest to understand why we dream. And while we still do not have any definitive answers, we have some theories. Here are seven reasons we might dream.

1. In the early 1900's, Sigmund Freud proposed that while all of our dreams, including our nightmares, are a collection of images from our daily conscious lives, they also have symbolic meanings which relate to the fulfillment of our subconscious wishes. Freud theorized that everything we remember when we wake up from a dream is a symbolic representation of our unconscious, primitive thoughts, urges and desires. Freud believed that by analyzing those remembered elements, the unconscious content would be revealed to our conscious mind, and psychological issues stemming from its repression could be addressed and resolved.

2. To increase performance on certain mental tasks, sleep is good, but dreaming while sleeping is better. In 2010, researchers found that subjects were much better at getting through a complex 3D maze if they had napped and dreamed of the maze prior to their second attempt. In fact, they were up to ten times better at it than those who only thought of the maze while awake between attempts, and those who napped but did not dream about the maze. Researchers theorize that certain memory processes can happen only when we are asleep, and our dreams are a signal that these processes are taking place.

4. The "Continuous Activation Theory" proposes that your dreams result from your brain's need to constantly consolidate and create long term memories in order to function properly. So when you write your own thoughts, you will be able to see the results of your thoughts and feelings in your dreams. In other words, your dreams might be a random screensaver your brain turns on so it does not completely shut down.

Moth week at Bellavista Cloud Forest Ecuador - information in 4 languages ​​| National Moth Week
The butterflies are attracted by the white light so from 18h00, which begins to darken in Ecuador, you can start to see them. Des biologues passent plusieurs jours où même des mois ici, et ont découvert beaucoup d espèces nouvelles pour la Science.

5. Dreams involving dangerous and threatening situations are very common, and the Primitive Instinct Rehearsal Theory holds that the content of a dream is significant to its purpose. Whether it's an anxiety filled night of being chased through the woods by a bear, or fighting off a ninja in a dark alley, these dreams allow you to practice your fight or flight instincts and keep them sharp and dependable, in case you'll need Them in real life. But it does not always have to be unpleasant; For instance, dreams about your attractive neighbor could actually give your reproductive instinct some practice too.

6. Stress neurotransmitters in the brain are much less active during the REM stage of sleep, even during dreams of traumatic experiences, leading some researchers to theorize that one purpose of dreaming is to take the edge off painful experiences to allow for psychological healing. Reviewing traumatic events in your dreams with less mental stress may grant you a clearer perspective and an enhanced ability to process them in psychologically healthy ways. People with certain mood disorders and PTSD often have difficulty sleeping, leading some scientists to believe that lack of sleep may be contributing factor to their illnesses.

And those are just a few of the more prominent theories. As technology increases our ability to understand the brain, it is possible that one day we will discover the definitive reason for them;

From the TED-Ed Lesson Why do we dream? - Amy Adkins

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