Climate of Guatemala

Climate of Guatemala

Climate of Guatemala

Discover the climate of Guatemala in its different zones.

Guatemala is often called the "Land of Eternal Spring" because of its tropical and subtropical climate. It is well known that the tropical moist climate is ideal for traveling during most of the year. However, sometimes the climate of Guatemala may be altered by tropical storms, humidity and rain.

Declines in migrant shorebird populations from a winter perspective - Simmons - 2015 - Conservation Biology - Wiley Online Library
Many long-distance migrating shorebirds (i.e., sandpipers, plovers, flamingos, oystercatchers) populations are declining. We have been in the area for a long time, and we are very pleased with the quality of the accommodation.

Geography reverberates in Guatemala's climate < / strong>. There are two main mountain ranges in the country that, in general, divide Guatemala into three main geographic areas: the highlands (plateau and mountainous areas), the Pacific coastal region, and the department of Petén, north of the mountains and These three regions of Guatemala differ in climatic conditions due to differences in altitude that produce pronounced contrasts between the warm and humid lowlands and the driest and coolest mountainous regions. major geographic areas, there are three climatic regions differentiated according to their elevation above sea level: the temperate zone, the tropical zone and the cold mountain climate. In addition, there are two main seasons: dry (summer) and wet (winter). The height and season of the year are the two most important climatic factors to take into account when traveling to Guatemala.

Guatemala's highlands - temperate climate area

The climate of the Pacific coastal region is part of the tropical climatic area. These lowlands usually include altitudes ranging from sea level to 1,000 meters. The lowlands of Guatemala are of warm and humid tropical climate, with daytime temperatures that reach 40 ° and that at night rarely descend below 20 °. Some of the busiest destinations on the Pacific coast are Monterrico, Puerto San Jose, Puerto Barrios, Puerto Quetzal and Retalhuleu.

The plains of Petén and the jungle - Tropical climate area The plains of Petén and the jungle lowlands are characterized by their humid tropical climate. The department of Petén is in the north of Guatemala and is part of the tropical climate area. The largest cities are Flores and Tikal. For their part, the forest areas are sparsely populated. The annual rainfall in the lush forests of Petén can reach 1500 mm² and the temperature usually exceeds 30 ° and never falls below 25 °. Tourists visiting the many ruins and pyramids of the Guatemalan jungle must be prepared for extreme heat and humidity and avoid the rainy season, which runs from May to October. High mountain areas - Area of cold mountain climate

Next to the tropical and temperate zones, there is also a region of cold temperatures located in elevations above 2,000 meters of peaks and mountain ranges. Temperatures in the day are cooler than in the temperate zone and at dusk fall below 0 ° and even frost and snow fall. The only major city in this area is Quetzaltenango, located in north-western heights.

Guatemala's dry and humid seasons

In the humid months, which go from mid-May to October or November, the climate of Guatemala is, as a rule, very rainy. The rainy season tends to lead to occasional tropical showers in the afternoons.

The dry season in Guatemala lasts from November to April. Paradoxically, in Guatemala the clear skies and good summer weather have lower temperatures than the rest of the year. The cold and humid Guatemalan climate of the summer season makes it the best time of year to practice tourism.

The lowest temperatures are in December and January, which are generally considered the best months to visit Guatemala, although sometimes it can snow or freeze in the higher areas. The climate of Guatemala reaches its highest temperatures in the transition months between seasons, usually from April to June, before the winter rains arrive.