Conflict on the Costa Rica-Nicaragua border & middot; Global Voices

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What started as a simple cleaning or dredging of the San Juan River, which is a natural border between Costa Rica and Nicaragua, has led to diplomatic and military conflict.

San Juan. Image of Flickr Guillermo A. Durán, used under license Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivative 2.0 Generic Creative Commons

The Nicaraguan government decided to start dredging work on the San Juan River to thus facilitating the navigation of larger boats. Until then there was no problem, since the river belongs to them. But in the days of having begun the work, the government of Costa Rica realizes that the materials extracted from the river are being deposited in Costa Rican territory. After the claim by the Costa Rican government, Nicaragua indicates that everything was a mistake and that it will not be repeated, but this was only the beginning of the problem.

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On November 1, La Nación reports: "Government confirms incursion of the Nicaraguan Army into national territory,"

The government confirmed this afternoon the incursion of troops from the Nicaraguan Army into Costa Rican territory, specifically in the Calero Island, located in the border area, at the mouth of the San Juan and Colorado rivers.

"This is an injury to national sovereignty, can not be interpreted in any other way," [Minister of For this reason, Costa Rica has convened the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS), where it will present the corresponding evidence, with photographs, videos and testimonies of the Organization of American States (OAS). the neighbors of the area. Minister Tijerino said that,

"Costa Rica, which has no army, relies on diplomatic channels to avoid a confrontation that would only aggravate the situation."

Any other Latin American country that had suffered the violation of its territory, would already be in a state of war with its neighbor. And that exactly is what Daniel Ortega wants, that whenever he has an internal problem, he seeks to divert the attention of the public by creating an artificial external conflict.

According to comments expressed on various blogs, Costa Ricans have come to see these types of problems as a totally normal situation, where it is said that whenever Nicaragua is in election season they seek to divert attention to other outbreaks and so their internal problems do not stand out and this does not cost the government votes shift. In this respect, Hell in Costa Rica says that,

One of the most deeply rooted traditions in Nicaraguan political culture in recent decades is that when elections, a dispute should be raised with Costa Rica, preferably along the San Juan River; the previous one with the purpose of cleaning the image of the ruler of turn, full of corruption, incapacity to solve the problems, among others [...]

The opinion of several bloggers is that this is a moment to think clearly and make the best decisions so that neither country is affected, because being neighbors, mutual cooperation is very necessary. Costa Rica and Nicaragua are trade partners and this type of problem affects exports in both directions; a lot of work source can be affected.

Julio Córdoba of Science Fiction with Julio Córdoba thinks that ,

As a representative of our country, the minister should promote peace and law as the only tool to resolve the conflict and leave others to promote war, a value that is not part of the Costa Rican sense.


The Nicas rulers are the most troglodytic in the region, and in order to divert attention from their internal problems, they do not mind putting at risk the lives of Costa Ricans and Nicaraguans. [...]

It is never late, and in the face of a new incursion by the Nicaraguan army into our border, our government requests the intervention of the OAS, as a country of peace that we are. [...]

We must face the real authorities with real firmness, without taking a step back, but with diplomacy, never with the arms against a brother country.

In order not to allow a situation such as this to affect commercial relations in both directions, and to prevent at the same time not affecting Nicaraguans living in Costa Rica, the authorities have come to international bodies to resolve this conflict in the best possible way. Dean Cornito in Central American Switzerland points out:

With everything and everything, it is better to tolerate a violation of our sovereignty for a few weeks until the inter-American mutual defense system move in favor of Costa Rica, than launch us into a meaningless and unnecessary war for us. Our authorities are very right to proceed with caution.