GC4APP1 Native Trees - The Traditional Cache in Portalegre, Portugal created by sisaoalado

Autochthonous trees

The São Mamede mountain range reveals an impressive biological wealth. > Here, where Beira ends and the Alentejo begins, we can find, as in a few places, an impressive mixture of biological diversity.

In the flora we can easily get to live together, trees and shrubs of Atlantic and Mediterranean climates . Thus, it is common the healthy coexistence of oaks and chestnut trees with cork oaks and holm oaks.

In this cache we will know a little more the Carvalho Negral (Quercus pyrenaica) Arbutus unedo is a shrub that sometimes resembles a tree because it grows up to the trees.

10m high, although it usually does not exceed 5m. Unlike the chestnut tree, the arbutus has leaves all year round.

CulturAgriCulturE: 87- A fruit, what is it?
For the farmer, in the case of most fruits and vegetables, what matters most is the wrapper, not the seed, is often not consumed. This difference in purpose represents a challenge and one of the fundamental difficulties of agricultural production.

Its fruits, the fruit trees, are red balls about 2cm. When they are ripe, it is possible to see their many seeds that exist in each medronho, because they are small brown balls that seem to be glued to the fruit.

The flower of this plant, usually appears at the time when there are strawberries , which gives the shrub a very beautiful look.

The arbutus is excellent for making brandy. The leaves and bark have a substance called Tannin, which is great for tanning, curing diarrhea, urinary infections, among many other diseases. The wood is great for turning and for making fire in the fireplaces and salamanders.

At this cache place, enjoy the arboreal dimension of the arbutus trees that are there. A little further down, you will find other examples even more robust. Look at the healthy coexistence of these shrubs / trees with the black oaks.

Learn a little more in family about this tree by reading the story for children you can find at: http://www.icn.pt/ the-flight-of-bonelli / medronheiro_0.htm