Wikichicos / The Earth / The continents / Asia / Flora and Fauna - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks

The fauna of Asia is as diverse as the climates, soils and vegetation of the continent. The northern regions are rich in species with thick coats such as brown bear, otter, marta cibelina , the ermine wolf and wolf , as well as an impressive variety of birds .

The steppes and semi-arid regions are home to antelope < / b> and numerous rodents , such as the hare and mouse field. There are freshwater fish throughout the continent; Lake Baikal is notable for its characteristic fauna, although strong industrial pollution threatens the survival of many species. There are sheep and wild goats in the mountains, while the wild yak lives in Tibet. Wildlife is more widespread in the hot desert regions of Southeast and South Asia, where the most famous native animal, the Asian lion, is almost extinct. However, hyenas and jackals are prevalent in this area.

The native fauna of the and Southeast Asia has been decimated by the effects of centuries of human occupation, mainly because of the loss of their habitat and hunting grounds. The monkeys, however, are very abundant in the southern areas, while there are still Indian tiger specimens, albeit in an alarmingly small number, in parts of the south and south-east of Asia.

Birds, snakes and lizards abound, and different types of crocodiles are widely distributed. Wild apes such as the gibbon and the orangutan are widely scattered. They are typical of Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia . Many types of deer and antelope also inhabit less populated areas, such as Borneo, where flying squirrels and arboreal rats abound.

Flora in Asia is remarkably varied and is closely related to changes in soil and climate.

In the far northern reaches of the continent, such as Siberia, tundra and taiga vegetation predominate . The first is composed of moss and lichens, mainly; the second is largely made up of forests of larch, pine, spruce and spruce.

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South of the taiga there are large areas of prairie in east-west direction. To the south, they give way to a desert of scrubland where aridity increases, as in the basins between the mountainous core and its periphery and much of Southwest Asia.

Tropical forest in Sumatra

To the south, southeast and east Asia, in the lower latitudes, tropical forest predominates and equatorial, where there is often abundant precipitation throughout the year. The lush rainforest of evergreen trees abounds in species such as teak, eucalyptus, oak and bamboo and palm varieties.

Northern tropical forest more open called monsoon. At the same time, this is confused with the perennial subtropical forest to the north, as in China and southern Japan.

In mid-latitudes forests predominate in which deciduous and coniferous trees are mixed; these are merged with a region of coniferous forests to the north.