Art and design figures

Art and design figures

Art and design figures

The mosaic is a millenary decorative technique that is made with small pieces of ceramic glass or stone that are called tiles and are attached to some surface either a decorative object or some surface a wall or wall, Throughout the history of mankind this art has been developed and in them was expressed the spirit and concerns of the classical and Christian world of the time.

The methods for working the mosaic are four: method direct method, indirect method, net method, cast method.

1. DIRECT METHOD: with this method the tiles are directly attached to the surface, immediately observing the design while working, although it is the most used technique is recommended if a completely flat result is sought, since it always produces some degree of irregularity. Any kind of tesserae can be used with the direct method.

Imágen tomada
Imágen tomada

2. INDIRECT METHOD: consists of gluing the tiles face down on a transient surface and then turning them and gluing them on the final surface. is the indicated method if you want a completely smooth surface. As for the material, those tiles that have the same color on both sides should be used, in order to correctly locate the pieces according to the design. The tiles are glued on a kraft paper or similar and once they are completely overturned and bonded, the paper is wetted and removed.

3. MESH TEMPLATE: there are surfaces that are complicated to work with, such as floors, furniture coverings or murals. So an alternative is to work with a mesh. It is a variant of the direct method, where the mosaic is made directly on a mesh before gluing it to a support surface.

We add to these methods the one of vitromosaico as product of the union of the trade of the mosaicist with the stained glass, it works in two modalities, in glass on glass to emphasize the transparencies and glass on wood or on metal without the effect of backlight.

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