Van Leo et Akram Zaatrai Montaje

Van Leo et Akram Zaatrai Montaje

To record is to create an image by means of incisions produced by different tools or media in a support that allows it, until creating a matrix suitable to carry out a multiple reproduction. Therefore, the engraving will be all that matter incised or carved that can be inked and that allows the image created to be transferred to the paper, by means of its printing or printing, a certain number of times.

The image obtained from the transfer of the matrix to the paper, through of the ink and of the press, is the stamp.

According to the definition of engraving lithography, serigraphy and some other current procedures should not be considered engraved, since the matrix is ​​at no time is affected. But the tendency is to include them in the technique of engraving and the images that result from printing are also called prints.

· Woodcutting: to fiber (the oldest, SV in the East and XV and West ) and counterfibre
. Linoleography (arises in S. XIX)
. Cameo.

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944).
"All Saints' Day, 1911".

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973). "La Picca, 1959". Linocut - Engraving in hollow or engraving:

.Lito-offset (Born at the beginning of the 20th century)
Antonio Saura (1930-1998). L'Année de la Meduse (The Year of the Medusa). Serigraphy (although earlier as a technique, arises as a plastic language in the twentieth century): photosensitive emulsion,

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- Copywriting or electrography, images by computer, digital images.

Abbe Nozall. Green that I love you green, 2001. Made with PhotoShop

Esther Revuelta Gómez. The more lightweight, 2001 . Adobe Photoshop 6.0

A recently used technique (S XIX), which coincides with the appearance of linoleum as a flooring material, is composed of arpilleria yuste) coated with a thick layer of linoxin (blend of polymerized oil, ground cork and pigments). It is a soft material with a very uniform density, which allows to be carved in all directions so that very fine details can be obtained. In order not to be tightened it is recommended to stick it to a board, its regular surface allows large runs. If it is very hardened it can be heated until it reaches the malleability and softness necessary for its size.

The tools used for linoleum carving are the same as in fiber woodcutting:

Linoleum sheets Gubias Rubber rollers

If you want more information about the different techniques and their history, check out the following blogs and website:

This is the blog made by María del Mar Bernal, engraving teacher at the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Seville. In it you will find entries of techniques, history, comments, e-portfolios, exhibitions, new investigations, etc., all relative to the world of engraving and printing.

THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF ENGRAVING. It is a very complete blog, in it you will find information about all the techniques of engraving and the graphical work of artists of yesterday and today.

ENGRAVING IN GRANADA. Blog by Rocío Fernández Izquierdo, Superior Technician in Engraving and Stamping Techniques by the School of Art of Granada. You can find graphic work of different techniques by artists of the moment. THE ART OF RECORDING. Web made by José Ignacio Argote Vea-Murguía and awarded by the Community of Madrid. It provides an overview of the most important engraving techniques and procedures, multiple examples of engravings by artists from different eras, styles and trends, as well as a variety of activities that require the use of the Internet and Tic resources. > Lastly, I can only show you a work of stamping T-shirts with linoleum matrix made by students of 3rd of that, you can find in the blog "PLASTIC EDUCATION". The similarity with the work of mandalas, lies in that you will also use linoleum to stamp