Beryl: Beryl mineral information and data.

2 (Bebout et al., 2006) .Cordierite and (especially) its HT-polymorph indialite are somewhat structurally similar to beryl.

C. (1565) Gemmis, quae erant in vest Aaronis, Liber Graecus, and regione Latinus, Iola Hierotarantino interpreter: cum Corollary Conradi Gesneri in Sancti Patris Epiphanii Episcopi Cypri ad Diodorum Tyri episcopum, De XII, 1-29. / p>

Vauquelin, LN (1798) Sur une nouvelle terre tirée de l'aigue marine, or beril. Observations sur la Physique, sur l'Histoire Naturelle et sur les Arts: 46: 158-158. (Gibbs, GV, Breck, DW, Meagher, EP (1968) Structural refinement of hydrous and anhydrous synthetic beryl, Al2 (Be3Si6) O18 and emerald, Al1.9Cr0.1 (Be3Si6) O18, Lithos: 1: 275 Adams, DM, Gardner, IR (1974) Single-crystal vibrational spectra of beryl and dioptase Dalton Transactions: 1974: 1502-1505.

Černý, P. , Hawthorne, FC (1976) Refractive indices versus alkali contents in beryl: General limitation s and applications to some pegmatitic types. The Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 491-497. Hawthorne, F.C., Černý, P. (1977) The alkali-metal positions in Cs-Li beryl. The Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 414-421. Scandale, E., Scordari, F., Zarka, A. (1979) etude des défauts dans des monocristaux natures de béryl. I. Observations des dislocations. Journal of Applied Crystallography: 12: 70-77. Scandale, E., Scordari, F., Zarka, A. (1979) etude des défauts dans des monocristaux natures de béryl. II. Etude of croissance. Journal of Applied Crystallography: 12: 78-83. Hofmeister, A.M., Hoering, T.C., Virgo, D. (1987) Vibrational spectroscopy of beryllium aluminosilicates: heat capacity calculations from band assignments. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 14: 205-224. Manier-Glavinaz, V., Couty, R., Lagache, M. (1989) The removal of alkalis from beryl: Structural adjustments. The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 663-671.

Hagemann, H., Lucken, A., Bill, H., Gysler-Sanz, J., Stalder, H.A. (1990) Polarized Raman spectra of beryl and bazzite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 17: 395-401.

Sherriff, BL, Grundy, HD, Hartman, JS, Hawthorne, FC, Černý, P. (1991) The incorporation of alkalis in beryl: multi -nuclear MAS NMR and crystal-structure study. The Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 271-285. Taylor, R. P., Fallick, A. E., Breaks, F.W. (1992) Volatile evolution in Archean rare-element granitic pegmatites: evidence from the hydrogen isotopic composition of channel H2O in beryl. The Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 877-893.

Scandale, E., Lucchesi, S., Graziani, G. (1993) Improvements in growth history reconstruction of a beryl crystal by growth marks. Neues Jahrbuch f Mineralogie Monatshefte: 4: 172-184.

Artioli, G., Rindali, R., Ståhl, K., Zanazzi, P.F. (1993) Structure refinements of beryl by single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist: 78: 762-768. Kim, C.C., Bell, M.I., McKeown, D.A. (1995) Vibrational analysis of beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18) and its constituent ring (Si6O18). Physica B: 205: 193-208.

Pilati, T., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (1997) Lattice-dynamical evaluation of thermodynamic properties and atomic displacement parameters for beryl using a transferable empirical force field. American Mineralogist: 82: 1054-1062. Moroz, I., Roth, M., Boudeulle, M., Panczer, G. (2000) Raman microspectroscopy and fluorescence of emeralds from various deposits. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 31: 485-490. Scandale, E., Lucchesi, S. (2000) Growth and sector zoning in a beryl crystal. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 357-366.

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Hänni, H.A., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2003) Caesium-rich morganite from Afghanistan and Madagascar. Journal of Gemmology: 28: 417-429.

Simmons, WS, Staebler, G., Wilson, T., Wise, M. (editors) (2005) Beryl and Its Color Varieties, Extra Lapis No. 7.

Adamo, I., Gatta, G.D., Rotiroti, N., Diella, V., Pavese, A. (2008) Gemmological investigation of a synthetic blue beryl: a multi-methodological study. Mineralogical Magazine: 72: 799-808. Fukuda, J., Shinoda, K., Nakashima, S., Miyoshi, N., Aikawa, N. (2009) Polarized infrared spectroscopic study of diffusion of water molecules along structure channels in beryl. American Mineralogist: 94: 981-985.

Groat, LA, Rossman, GR, Dyar, MD, Turner, D., Piccoli, PMB, Schultz, AJ, Ottolini, L. (2010) Crystal chemistry of dark blue aquamarine from the True Blue showing, Yukon Territory, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 597-613. Huong, L.T., Häger, T., Hofmeister, W. (2010) Confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy: a powerful tool to identify natural and synthetic emeralds. Gems & amp; Gemology: 46: 36-41.

Andersson, L.O. (2013) The yellow color center and trapped electrons in beryl. The Canadian Mineralogist: 51: 15-25.

Přikryl, J., Novák, M., Filip, J., Gadas, P., Galiová, M.V. (2014) Iron + magnesium-bearing beryl from granitic pegmatites: an EMPA, LA-ICP-MS, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and powder XRD study. The Canadian Mineralogist: 52: 271-284.

Sardi, FG, Heimann, A. (2014) Pegmatitic beryl as an indicator of melt evolution: example from the Velasco district, Pampeana Pegmatite Province, Argentina, and review of worldwide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist: 52: 809-836. Jana Fridrichová, Peter Bačík, Petra Rusinová, Marcel Miglierini, Valéria Bizovská, Peter Antal (2014): Crystal-chemical effects of heat treatment on aquamarines and yellow beryl from Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. 4th Central European Mineralogical Conference, Skalský Dvůr, Czech Republic, 23-26 April 2014, Abstract Volume, 39. []

Bebout, G.E., Lazzeri, K.E., Geiger, C.A. (2016): Pathways for nitrogen cycling in Earth's crust and upper mantle: A review and new results for microporous beryl and cordierite. American Mineralogist: 101: 7-24.

A.I. Kolesnikov, G.F. Reiter, N. Choudhury, T.R. Prisk, E. Mamontov, A. Podlesnyak, G. Ehlers, A.G. Seel, D.J. Wesolowski, and L.M. Anovitz (2016): Quantum tunneling of water in beryl: A new state of the water molecule. Physical Review Letters 116, 167802. DOI: 10.1103 / PhysRevLett.116.167802