Beryl: Beryl mineral information and data.

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2 (Bebout et al., 2006) .Cordierite and (especially) its HT-polymorph indialite are somewhat structurally similar to beryl.

C. (1565) Gemmis, quae erant in vest Aaronis, Liber Graecus, and regione Latinus, Iola Hierotarantino interpreter: cum Corollary Conradi Gesneri in Sancti Patris Epiphanii Episcopi Cypri ad Diodorum Tyri episcopum, De XII, 1-29. / p>

Vauquelin, LN (1798) Sur une nouvelle terre tirée de l'aigue marine, or beril. Observations sur la Physique, sur l'Histoire Naturelle et sur les Arts: 46: 158-158. (Gibbs, GV, Breck, DW, Meagher, EP (1968) Structural refinement of hydrous and anhydrous synthetic beryl, Al2 (Be3Si6) O18 and emerald, Al1.9Cr0.1 (Be3Si6) O18, Lithos: 1: 275 Adams, DM, Gardner, IR (1974) Single-crystal vibrational spectra of beryl and dioptase Dalton Transactions: 1974: 1502-1505.

Černý, P. , Hawthorne, FC (1976) Refractive indices versus alkali contents in beryl: General limitation s and applications to some pegmatitic types. The Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 491-497. Hawthorne, F.C., Černý, P. (1977) The alkali-metal positions in Cs-Li beryl. The Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 414-421. Scandale, E., Scordari, F., Zarka, A. (1979) etude des défauts dans des monocristaux natures de béryl. I. Observations des dislocations. Journal of Applied Crystallography: 12: 70-77. Scandale, E., Scordari, F., Zarka, A. (1979) etude des défauts dans des monocristaux natures de béryl. II. Etude of croissance. Journal of Applied Crystallography: 12: 78-83. Hofmeister, A.M., Hoering, T.C., Virgo, D. (1987) Vibrational spectroscopy of beryllium aluminosilicates: heat capacity calculations from band assignments. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 14: 205-224. Manier-Glavinaz, V., Couty, R., Lagache, M. (1989) The removal of alkalis from beryl: Structural adjustments. The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 663-671.

Hagemann, H., Lucken, A., Bill, H., Gysler-Sanz, J., Stalder, H.A. (1990) Polarized Raman spectra of beryl and bazzite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 17: 395-401.

Sherriff, BL, Grundy, HD, Hartman, JS, Hawthorne, FC, Černý, P. (1991) The incorporation of alkalis in beryl: multi -nuclear MAS NMR and crystal-structure study. The Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 271-285. Taylor, R. P., Fallick, A. E., Breaks, F.W. (1992) Volatile evolution in Archean rare-element granitic pegmatites: evidence from the hydrogen isotopic composition of channel H2O in beryl. The Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 877-893.

Scandale, E., Lucchesi, S., Graziani, G. (1993) Improvements in growth history reconstruction of a beryl crystal by growth marks. Neues Jahrbuch f Mineralogie Monatshefte: 4: 172-184.

Artioli, G., Rindali, R., Ståhl, K., Zanazzi, P.F. (1993) Structure refinements of beryl by single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist: 78: 762-768. Kim, C.C., Bell, M.I., McKeown, D.A. (1995) Vibrational analysis of beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18) and its constituent ring (Si6O18). Physica B: 205: 193-208.

Pilati, T., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (1997) Lattice-dynamical evaluation of thermodynamic properties and atomic displacement parameters for beryl using a transferable empirical force field. American Mineralogist: 82: 1054-1062. Moroz, I., Roth, M., Boudeulle, M., Panczer, G. (2000) Raman microspectroscopy and fluorescence of emeralds from various deposits. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 31: 485-490. Scandale, E., Lucchesi, S. (2000) Growth and sector zoning in a beryl crystal. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 357-366.

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John's wort: the roads of wild form and in environments bathed by the sun that are characterized by the dryness. If we have trees in the garden, they will need abundant watering at least once a week.

Hänni, H.A., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2003) Caesium-rich morganite from Afghanistan and Madagascar. Journal of Gemmology: 28: 417-429.

Simmons, WS, Staebler, G., Wilson, T., Wise, M. (editors) (2005) Beryl and Its Color Varieties, Extra Lapis No. 7.

Adamo, I., Gatta, G.D., Rotiroti, N., Diella, V., Pavese, A. (2008) Gemmological investigation of a synthetic blue beryl: a multi-methodological study. Mineralogical Magazine: 72: 799-808. Fukuda, J., Shinoda, K., Nakashima, S., Miyoshi, N., Aikawa, N. (2009) Polarized infrared spectroscopic study of diffusion of water molecules along structure channels in beryl. American Mineralogist: 94: 981-985.

Groat, LA, Rossman, GR, Dyar, MD, Turner, D., Piccoli, PMB, Schultz, AJ, Ottolini, L. (2010) Crystal chemistry of dark blue aquamarine from the True Blue showing, Yukon Territory, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 597-613. Huong, L.T., Häger, T., Hofmeister, W. (2010) Confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy: a powerful tool to identify natural and synthetic emeralds. Gems & amp; Gemology: 46: 36-41.

Andersson, L.O. (2013) The yellow color center and trapped electrons in beryl. The Canadian Mineralogist: 51: 15-25.

Přikryl, J., Novák, M., Filip, J., Gadas, P., Galiová, M.V. (2014) Iron + magnesium-bearing beryl from granitic pegmatites: an EMPA, LA-ICP-MS, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and powder XRD study. The Canadian Mineralogist: 52: 271-284.

Sardi, FG, Heimann, A. (2014) Pegmatitic beryl as an indicator of melt evolution: example from the Velasco district, Pampeana Pegmatite Province, Argentina, and review of worldwide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist: 52: 809-836. Jana Fridrichová, Peter Bačík, Petra Rusinová, Marcel Miglierini, Valéria Bizovská, Peter Antal (2014): Crystal-chemical effects of heat treatment on aquamarines and yellow beryl from Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. 4th Central European Mineralogical Conference, Skalský Dvůr, Czech Republic, 23-26 April 2014, Abstract Volume, 39. []

Bebout, G.E., Lazzeri, K.E., Geiger, C.A. (2016): Pathways for nitrogen cycling in Earth's crust and upper mantle: A review and new results for microporous beryl and cordierite. American Mineralogist: 101: 7-24.

A.I. Kolesnikov, G.F. Reiter, N. Choudhury, T.R. Prisk, E. Mamontov, A. Podlesnyak, G. Ehlers, A.G. Seel, D.J. Wesolowski, and L.M. Anovitz (2016): Quantum tunneling of water in beryl: A new state of the water molecule. Physical Review Letters 116, 167802. DOI: 10.1103 / PhysRevLett.116.167802