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Цвета Апостолова  Tsveta Apostolova

Цвета Апостолова Tsveta Apostolova

3. Sustainable Analysis

3.1. Resource Optimization

3 . 1.1. Natural resources. Make the most of resources such as breeze, water and land (to cool the house), rainwater (for irrigation of the garden and cisterns of bathrooms), ... On the other hand, water-saving devices have been installed in faucets, showers and toilet tanks.

3.1.2. Manufactured resources. The materials used are used to the maximum, avoiding possible waste, through a correct project, and effective management. On the other hand, the correct design of the house, based on load walls, allows it to be built without only ancillary resources.

3.1.3. Recovered resources , reused and recycled.
The vast majority of housing materials can be recovered (roofing, carpentry, glass, wooden beams, metal beams, walkways, staircase, closets, wood coverings, solar protections, sanitary ware, etc.). >

On the other hand, the use of recycled and recyclable materials such as: polypropylene water pipes, polyethylene drainage pipes, OSB chipboard for interior doors, plywood boards for coatings, recycled glass for kitchen countertops, floors, steps, and windows, etc.

Finally, extensive use has been made of recovered materials (waste) and reused materials such as wooden beams, insulation based on discarded coffee bags), furniture, flooring and accessories.

3.2. Decreased energy consumption

3.2.2. Use. Because of its bioclimatic characteristics, housing has a very low energy consumption (it is estimated that it will consume only 20% of what consumes a dwelling of the same surface and stratum). Hot water is generated by means of solar thermal sensors. The house is cooled by geothermal architectural systems, and does not need mechanical conditioning systems, so it does not consume energy to cool down.

3.2.3. DismantlingThe vast majority of the materials used can be easily recovered (slabs, roofs, carpentry, solar protection, wooden beams, installations, etc.). On the other hand, the house has been designed to have a very high durability, since all the components of the home are easily repairable.

Smutsornis africanus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It inhabits and reproduces in semi-desert flat, stony or gravel terrain, with firm, sandy soils and with grass or thorny shrubs. Distribution and habitat The scaly boy runner is in Ethiopia, Somalia, South Africa and Tanzania, among other African nations.

3.3. Use of alternative energy sources
The energy used is of two types: solar thermal (solar collectors to generate the ACS, and evaporation of water for cooling of air), and geothermal (cooling system of the air taking advantage of the low temperatures existing underground, in the galleries inferior to the sanitary forging of the house).

3.4. Decrease of waste and emissions The house does not generate any type of emissions and does not generate any type of waste, except organic. On the other hand, during the construction of the house hardly any waste has been generated.

3.6. Decrease in the price of the building and its maintenance
The house has been projected rationally, and most of its components are industrialized, eliminating redundant, unnecessary or free items, which allows its construction at a very high price. reduced, in spite of the ecological equipment that incorporates. In the same way, the house hardly needs maintenance: habitual cleaning, and bi - annual treatment of wood based on vegetable oils.

4. Ecological materials
4.1. Foundations and structure.
Walls of two leaves and insulation. The inner sheet constitutes the load-bearing wall made of wood-cement blocks (Durisol) of 20 cm. thickness, and large format. These blocks are filled with sand, or insulation, depending on your situation in the home. The outer sheet has been constructed of perforated ceramic bricks of 7 cm. Inside the double sheet there is a layer of hemp insulation of 6 cm. and a ventilated air chamber of 3 cm. The slabs have been made of prefabricated plates of reinforced concrete.

4.2. Exterior finishes
Silicate paint. Teka wood, heat treated and tinted with vegetable oils.

4.3. Interior finishes
Vegetable paints. Porcelain stoneware floor tiles. Double-ply doors made of agglomerated wood, veneered with beech wood and treated with vegetable oils.

4.4. Cover
Covered garden, with an average thickness of 30 cm. of Earth. Tilted deck with sandwich board consisting of: 13 mm Viroc top board (13 mm wood and cement), 13 mm birch plywood bottom board, and 10 cm hemp fiber insulation. of thickness. Coating based on a rubber sheet, and a coating of calamine (zinc) sheet.

5. Highlighted innovations load walls, allows it to be built without just ancillary resources.
- Use of hollow, large-format blocks of wood to make the building's load-bearing walls.

- Use of three shaded inner courtyards, which regulate and channel fresh air currents.

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- LED lighting, with very low energy consumption, in more than 30% of the luminaires of the house, with very low energy consumption, in more than 30% of the luminaires in the house. p>