Butterflies: guides of species, images and resources.

Butterflies are beautiful, they are flying insects with large scaly wings. Like all insects, they have 6 articulated legs, 3 body parts, a pair of antennae, compound eyes and an exoskeleton. The three parts of the body are the head, the chest (chest), and the abdomen (the tail).

The body of the butterfly is covered by small sensory hairs. The four wings and six legs of the butterfly are attached to the thorax. The thorax contains the muscles that make the legs and the wings move.


Butterflies are very good flying . They have two pairs of large wings covered with colors, iridescent scales in superimposed rows. Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) are the only insects that have scaly wings. The wings are associated with the thorax of the butterfly (mid section). The veins support delicate wings and feed them with blood.

Butterflies can only fly if their body temperature is above 30 degrees. Butterflies use the sun to warm in cold climates. As the butterfly ages, the color of the wings fades and becomes irregular .

Speed ​​varies between butterfly species (venomous varieties are slower than non-poisonous varieties). The fastest butterflies (some hespéridos) can fly approximately 48 km per hour or faster. Butterflies flying slow. They fly at a speed of about 8 km / h .

Life cycle of a butterfly

Butterflies and moths undergo a complete metamorphosis that will through four different stages of life.

• Egg . A butterfly begins its life like an egg, often sitting on a leaf.

• Pupa . It becomes a pupa (chrysalis); This is a rest stage.

• Adults . A beautiful flying adult emerges. There is no growth during this stage. This adult will continue the cycle and reproduce.

Diet Caterpillars spend most of their time eating leaves using their strong jaws. The first meal of a caterpillar, however, is its own egg shell. Some caterpillars are meat eaters; the larva of the carnivorous butterfly Harvester eats woolly aphids.

Butterflies and moths can only take liquid food using a tube (like a tube), which is a long "tongue" and flexible. This tube uncoils to take food and is wound up again in a spiral when not in use. Most butterflies feed on flower nectar. Some butterflies drink the liquid from rotten fruits and some rarely prefer rotten animal flesh or animal fluids (the Harvester butterfly traverses the bodies of woolly aphids with their sharp proboscis and drinks bodily fluids).

Habitat < / h2>

Butterflies are found all over the world and in all kinds of environments : cold and hot, dry and humid, at sea level and high in the mountains. Most butterfly species, however, are found in tropical areas, especially in tropical forests.

Many butterflies migrate in order to avoid adverse environmental conditions (such as cold weather). The migration of the butterfly is not well understood. Most migrate relatively short distances (such as the Painted Lady, the Red Admiral, and the Common Buckeye), but a few (like some monarchs) migrate thousands of miles.

Lepidoptera are a very large group; there are more types of butterflies and moths than there are any other types of insects, except beetles. It is estimated that there are about 150,000 different species of butterflies and moths (there may be many more). There are about 28,000 species of butterflies from around the world, the rest are moths.

Butterflies' curiosities

• Butterflies are bugs that live from 2 days or until more than 11 months .

• Butterflies are insects, but large scaly wings distinguish them. These wings allow them to fly, but only when their body temperature is above 30 degrees.

Drawings by Vincent van Gogh
In a letter to Theo in 1880, Van Gogh wrote, "I can not express the joy of drawing again. For example, her drawing Peasant Woman, sitting half-figure was drawn in an envelope.

• Faster butterflies can fly up to 48 km per hour.

• Scientists estimate that there are 28,000 species of butterflies around the world .

• Most butterflies are found in rainforests but can live in all the climates and altitudes of the world.

• Butterflies migrate to avoid the cold.

• Many believe that butterflies got their name because they flew around the buckets of milk on the farms. While the milk was being beaten in butter, many noticed that these flying insects would appear and soon were called butterflies.

• Butterflies have three body parts , like all the other insects: the head, the chest (chest) and the abdomen (bottom). The four wings of the butterfly and the six legs are attached to the thorax.

• Butterflies are colorful for many reasons . The colors help to attract a mate, absorb heat and color also helps to blend into the flowers when they feed.

• As the caterpillar grows, the skin will move and squeeze to get rid of your skin. When the caterpillar has grown several thousand times its original size, it enters a stage of rest. This is when the caterpillar becomes a pupa or chrysalis (phase 3). Finally, the chrysalis breaks and a butterfly leaves (phase 4). Now, the adult butterfly will start the process again by laying eggs of its own.

• Most butterflies live on nectar and pollen from flowers.

• Butterflies have a long, flexible tongue , similar to a tube that goes down into the nectar of the flower. They suck the nectar through this tongue.

• Female butterflies are generally larger than males and live longer.

It can also to interest

Butterflies.wiki is part of a network made by passionate animals and directed to all animal lovers who want to know everything about them. We have developed several thematic portals of animals in which, as we have done in this with the butterflies, we try to explain in detail everything related to the animal with informative articles.

For those who feel attracted with whales, for example, we have prepared this portal on whales, in which we have prepared a guide with the most popular whale species, and detailed information on cetaceans.

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