Parterre - Wikiwand


French parterres were elaborated after the sixteenth century, in which their immediate predecessors, the "knot gardens", became fashionable in England. The French parterres reached a climax in the Chateau de Versailles and its many European imitations, such as the gardens of the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso in Spain or the palace of Kensington in England.


The parterre was developed in France by Claude Mollet, the founder of a dynasty of nursery designers whose imprint penetrated deeply in the eighteenth century. Its inspiration in developing the "compartments" that already existed simple interlacings during the sixteenth century, which used herbs with simple ties sometimes open and stuffed inside with sand or other times closed and filled with floral beds, comes from the painter Etienne du Pérac, who returned from Italy to the castle of Anet (Eure and Loir), where he and Mollet were working.

In 1595, Mollet introduced the compartments with drawings in the gardens of Saint-Germain Laye and Fontainebleau; the drawing fully developed as in an embroidery "parterres en broderie" appears for the first time in an engraving by Alexandre Francini of a view of the plans of the revised plantations of the gardens of Fontainebleau and Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1614. < / p>

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As early as 1630, Broderie parterres had been made at the Wilton House, so magnificent that they were engraved - the only memory left of them today. Parterres de pelouse or parterres de gazon refers to small-sized beds of grasses such as chamomile.

A walk of compartments < / i> is the one that separates the pictures of a parterre.

Renaissance of the parterre