Steff Leos Montero

Pinus uncinata

Pinus uncinata

Bamboo, a common name given to a group of vivacious, woody, bushy or arboreal plants, grouped in 45 genera and 480 species of the Gramineae family.

Bamboo grows mainly in tropical and subtropical regions, from sea level to areas covered by perpetual snow; only a few species extend into the temperate regions. It is very abundant in Southeast Asia and there are some species in America and Africa, and none in Australia. The size oscillates between that of the rigid reefs of approximately 1 m in height, and giants up to 50 m in height and 30 cm in diameter near the base. Some species have flexible stems that form impenetrable thicknesses.

Bamboo is easily recognized by woody articulating stems, or canes, formed by hollow sections called internodes, separated by solid partitions called knots. In each knot, a sheath protects a yolk, which in turn can give rise to a branch or an inflorescence. Bamboo stems sprout from horizontal subterranean rhizomes (stems thickened). The apices of the new buds are protected by imbricated scales that are formed as the internodes lengthen. Initially new shoots grow slowly, but the rate increases very fast and can reach 60 cm per day in some giant tropical species. The main stem has no leaves and does not usually branch until it has reached its full length. The branches grow from the buds of the knots, and can in turn issue secondary and even tertiary branches; these last ones are those that carry the leaves, almost always straight, flat and multinerviadas, characteristics of the bamboo.

The floral structure of bamboo is basically normal in the grass family. However, various details of the flower show that bamboos are primitive grasses. In fact, the bamboo flower has six lodicles (scales arranged at the base of the ovary), six stamens and three stigmas (pistil germination structures), instead of the two lodicles, three stamens and two typical stigmas of almost all grasses. In addition, although many bamboos flower annually, there are also many that bloom once every several years. All members of a species bloom at the same time, and the plants die after they bloom and form the seeds. The individual species are perpetuated by seeds and emitting new canes from the rhizomes; a species can take several years to establish itself.

The main feature of Bamboo is flexibility and its great adaptability. Bamboo has been used since ancient times for hunting, fishing, domestic utensils, or musical and has now been implanted in many Western homes as an ornament.

In Japan, bamboo is included within the combination called SHO (pine), CHIKU (bamboo), BAI (plum), which are used as symbols during the celebration of the new year. Each of them symbolizes human virtue.

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There are a total of 80 genera and between 1,000 and 1,200 species of bamboos distributed throughout the world, although the figure varies according to the authors.
The characteristics that make the bamboos be different from the rest of the grasses are the following:
. They are perennial;
. Rhizomes are well developed;
. The stems are lignified;
. The leaves have pseudopecíolo;
. The period from flowering to flowering can last for many years.

It helps to avoid desertification because its roots prevent it from being used in the manufacture of furniture, pipes, resins, charcoal, paper, textile fibers, baskets and many other items. the rains take the land. Bamboo can also be used to protect the fields from the wind.

NAME: BAMBUSA OLDHAMII; SOURCE: SOUTH OF CHINA; AVERAGE HEIGHT: 18 MTS; AVERAGE DIAMETER: 4 PULG; RADICULAR CLASSIFICATION: SLIDING; USES: COMEDY, GARDENING, FURNITURE, LIGHT STRUCTURES; FEATURES: THYRSOSTACHYS SIAMENSIS COMMON NAME: MEDIUM SIZE, FAST GROWTH, RECTUM CULMS, COLD TOLERANCE

MONASTERY BAMBOO ORIGIN: THAILANDIA AVERAGE HEIGHT: 6 TO 8 MTS AVERAGE DIAMETER: 1.5 PULG RADICULAR RATING: USES: ORNAMENTAL, LIGHT STRUCTURES, BARRIERS AGAINST WIND AND SOUND CHARACTERISTICS: MEDIUM SIZE, STRONG AND STRONG CULMS, VERY FINE FOLIAGE.

NAME SCENIC: DENDROCALAMUS ASPER CLON THAILAND SOURCE: THAILAND AVERAGE HEIGHT: 25 - 30 MTS AVERAGE DIAMETER: 6 INCHES CLASSIFICATION RADICULAR: SEPA GROWTH USES: LANDSCAPE FOR ITS EXUBERANT FOLLAJE, VERY APPRECIATED IN THE CONSTRUCTION, FURNITURE, IS COMFORTABLE, USED TO CONTROL THE EROSION. CHARACTERISTICS: : GIANT SIZE, ACCELERATED GROWTH, PLANTING DENSA

SCENIC NAME: BAMBUSA TEXTILIS COMMON NAME: WEVER'S BAMBOO ORIGIN: CHINA AVERAGE HEIGHT: 12 MTS < > AVERAGE DIAMETER: 2 PULG RADICULAR CLASSIFICATION: CORREDIZE USES: FURNITURE, LIGHT STRUCTURES AND EROSION CONTROL. CHARACTERISTICS: GIANT SIZE, VERY DENSO BAMBOO, STRONG AND STRONG CULMS, SLIDING WALL, KNOTS WITH SEPARATION LENGTH BETWEEN 40 AND 60 CM

SCIENTIFIC NAME: VULGARIS VITTATA COMMON NAME: PAINTED BAMBOO SOURCE: ASIA AVERAGE HEIGHT: 15 - 20 MTS AVERAGE DIAMETER: > 4- 4 ½ PULG ROOT RATING: GROWTH IN SEPA
USES: GARDENING, EROSION CONTROL CHARACTERISTICS: GIANT SIZE, BAMBOO YELLOW GOLD GOLD GOLD GOLD WITH DARK GREEN FRINGES

SCIENTIFIC NAME: PHYLLOSTACHYS MEGUROCHIKU DIMENSIONS: ½ PULG RADICULAR CLASSIFICATION: SLIDESHOW USES: ORNAMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS: SMALL SIZE, GREEN COLOR CULMS WITH ADDITION OF A BROWN STRIP

< strong> SCIENTIFIC NAME: PHYLLOSTACHYS RUBROMARGINATA ORIGIN: CHINA AVERAGE HEIGHT: 3 MTS AVERAGE DIAMETER: 1 PULG
RADICULAR RATING : SLIDING USES: FURNITURE, ORNAMENTAL, EROSION CONTROL. CHARACTERISTICS: ESTABLISHED PLANTING GROWS VERY QUICK AND DENSA. THIS SPECIES IS VERY TOLERANT TO COLD.