environments / ... Turkey and its footprints: Turkey, ... tulip and turban

Tulip, common name of plants of a genus of bulbous herbaceous spring flowering.

She is from the Liliaceae family.

The whole plant; stem, leaves and flowers are compressed and locked inside the bulb, waiting to leave in spring and surprise us with their precious colors.

The origin of the tulip is Asia Minor.

The Turks met him in Anatolia and in the Ottoman era began to adorn the gardens of Istanbul. In addition, it had a religious sense because the Turkish name "lale" writing with the Arabic letters that the Turks used during the Ottoman era, seemed "Allah".

Tulips were cultivated as ornamental plants since the beginning of the eleventh century in Anatolia. From this region and Iran would come the bulbs taken by the Ibn Massal toledano for cultivation in Al-Ándalus, as documented in the work Umda of the botanist Abu-I-Jayr, dated between the eleventh and twelfth centuries, studied by researchers Esteban Hernandez Bermejo and Expiración García [4] With the Modern Age, its cultivation spread to the countries of northern Europe, becoming the flower symbol of the Netherlands and inseparable part of its landscape. It also has a use as a national symbol in Turkey and Iran. In 1554, the Austrian ambassador, Busbecq, wanted to know the name of an unknown flower that had left him astonished. A man on his turban carried this flower.

He asked the translator "What's this called?" and the translator thought he would ask for a turban, he replied instead of "lale" as "tülbent." Thus, the name of tulip was put in Europe. A flower that later the people of Holland would go mad for her and tulipomanía had already begun in the exotic life of Istanbul.

Istanbul had some celebrations that the great capital of the empires had never experienced something like this. In Kagithane of the golden horn they built palaces and recreation areas, in the forest ponds the swans swam, the fountains adorned the bank of the golden horn. The first Turkish ambassador, the 28 Mehmet Pacha (it is curious but it was called so) in the year 1720 had returned from Paris with new inspirations and new plans of gardens. The blue pearl, the light of dawn, the drop of rubies, were called the species of tulips. Mehmet Lalezar, the official grower of the palace had counted 1323 varieties.

The tulip was the symbol of sensuality, creativity, and everything ...

The great painter Levní painted some scenes of the Turkish baths and Nedim wrote his erotic and hedonistic poetry, especially in the cheerful verses.

It all came to an end after the uprising of Patrona Halil. The new Sultan Mahmut I could not resist the rebels who destroyed everything, passed the sinister and empire, one by one, undo the rebels.

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Some twenty years later the golden horn feast began again, but the tulip season was over. The relationship between Holland and tulips began in 1593, when botanist Carolus Clusius moved tulips from Istanbul to the University of Leiden in the Netherlands to conduct medical research. He was a very greedy man and never wanted to share them with anyone until one night a group of people forced into his garden and stole several bulbs.

From the year 1634 it became a kind of madness called tulipomania, which gave rise to a crazy speculation of plants, which paid very high prices.

In addition, there is a curious story about the tulip, they say; the Turks send to Holland a ship full of tulips and they thinking that it is the onion, they eat them, then they plant what they have enough to have next year and they realize that they ate a precious flower.

Tulip bulbs for 350 years form an important part of Dutch exports. Each year about three billion tulip bulbs are produced in the Netherlands, of which about two billion are exported. Approximately half of these go to the United States. Tulips are the third flower most requested by consumers in developed countries like the United States, Japan and northern Europe. In these nations, each person spends about one hundred dollars in a year.

The main tulip bulb producing country is the Netherlands, which accounts for 87% of the world's area, which is approximately 12,000 hectares.

Bulbs of this species occur significantly in 14 other countries, led by Japan, France and Poland.

Most of these countries use bulbs obtained for their own cut flower production or to supply their dry bulb retail market.

The Netherlands, however, apart from being the main international producer of bulbs, is the exception to this generalization.

In fact, it produces approximately 4 billion bulbs annually, of which 53% are used in the cut flower market and the rest are used in the dry bulb market.

From the bulbs destined for the cut flower market, the Netherlands uses 57% to satisfy its domestic market and the rest exports it to several countries, both inside and outside the European Union.