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Detail of juvenile leaves. Toothed lancewood , Toothed lancewood and (Pseudopanax ferox) , is a tree belonging to the family Araliaceae.


It is endemic to New Zealand It is similar to the most common Pseudopanax crassifolius "Lancewood" (tree spear or spear stick)

, but with the most prominently toothed leaves. The juvenile leaves are from a very dark brown green to a greyish green, narrow, rigid and up to 40cm in length. Once this slow-growing tree reaches maturity from 10 to 15 years, the leaf shape becomes shorter, wider and takes on a dark green color. Only in adulthood does the shape of the tree change from a central stem and downward, allowing leaves to grow in a more typical tree shape with branches extending to form a round head. A ripe toothed ripe can reach 6 m in height, with a trunk up to 25 cm in diameter. The mature trunk has distinctive longitudinal cracks that sometimes twist slightly.

The tree is also commonly called Fierce lancewood stick in reference to its fierce appearance of jagged youthful leaves.

The plantation is best on a well drained soil and in a position with some shade

The leaves are more numerous when fully exposed to the sun, which is noticeable in young specimens. The toothed stick is generally resistant to cold and can tolerate some frost damage on the tip (which can cause it to branch). It is also tolerant to dry places and strong winds.

Grafting Grape Vines - eXtension
Once the healing process has begun, and when growth can be observed, you can remove the pattern that is above the graft area. This type of graft has several variations, but the T-bud graft (also called shield bud) is commonly used in fruit species.