The Blog of Isa and Juan

Within the Apocrita Suborder of the Order Hymenoptera , which includes wasps, bees and ants, we have two groups with no taxonomic range: Aculeata and Parasítica. Many superfamilies of hymenoptera belong to the parasitic group (I listed them when I spoke of the Ichneumonoidea Superfamily and the Family of the braconides). Another of these superfamilies is the Evanioidea Superfamily described by the French entomologist Pierre-André Latreille in 1802.

This Superfamily Evanoidea is divided into 8 Families, half of which are extinct:

  • Family Aulacidae
  • Family Evaniidae
  • Family Gasteruptiidae
  • Family Praeaulacidae
  • † Family Andreneliidae
  • † Family Anomopterellidae
  • † Family Baissidae
  • † Family Praeaulacidae All species belonging to this subfamily are parasitoids of Dictyoptera oothecas. They usually deposit a single egg by ootheca, which is usually enough to destroy it. Examples are Brachygaster parasite of Ectobius, Zeuxevania parasite of Loboptera, Evania appendigaster parasite of Periplaneta and Blatta or Prosevania punctata parasite of American Periplaneta.

    The gastropubids are divided into three subfamilies, one of them extinct and several genres of classification not well clarified:

    † Subfamily Baissinae Rasnitsyn, 1975

    † Aulocopsis Hong & amp; Wang, 1990 † Humiryssus Lin, 1980 † Manlaya Rasnitsyn, 1980 † Tillywhimia Rasnitsyn & Gasteruption Latreille, 1777

    Subfamily Hyptiogastrinae

    > Crassifoenus Crossief, 1953
    Eufoenus Szépligeti, 1903
    Hyptiogaster Kieffer, 1903
    Pseudofoenus Kieffer, 1902

    Aulacofoenus Kieffer, 1911 - Dolichofoenus Kieffer, 1910
    Hemifoenus Kieffer, 1911
    Plutofoenus Kieffer, 1911
    Trichofoenus Kieffer, 1910
    Trigonofoenus Kieffer, 1911

    Genre Gasteruption Latreille, 1776

    Foenus Fabricius , 1798
    Gasteruptron Westwood, 1840
    Gastryptium Agassiz, 1846
    Faenus Abeille de Perrin, 1879
    Gasteryption Schletterer, 1890
    Phoenus Schletterer, 1890
    Gasteruptia Dominique, 1893
    Gasteruptium Schulz, 1906 - Rhydinofoenus Bradley, 1909 - Dolichofoenus Kieffer, 1910
    Trichofoenus Kieffer, 1910 - Gastrhyptium Schulz, 1911

    Gasteruption canariae (Madl, 1991)

  • Gasteruption assectator (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Gasteruption erythrostomum (Dahlbom, 1831)
  • Gasteruption forticorne (Semenov, 1892)
  • Gasteruption freyi (Tournier, 1877) Gasteruption merciti (Kieffer, 1904)
  • Gasteruption percival (Fabricius, 1804)
  • Gasteruption jaculator (Linnaeus, 1758) Gasteruption opacum (Tournier, 1877)
  • Gasteruption pedemontanum (Tournier, 1877)
  • Gasteruption psilomma (Kieffer, 1904) Gasteruption schossmannae (Madl, 1987)
  • Gasteruption tournieri (Schletterer, 1885)
  • Gasteruption undulatum

    Jaculator is a term that also derives from the Latin "jaculator, -oris" meaning the thrower or javelin thrower.

    Ichneumon jaculator Linné, 1758 - Foenus jaculator Fabricius, 1798 - Foenus granulithorax Tournier, 1877 - Faenus granulithorax Abeille de Perrin, 1879 - Faenus obliteratus Abeille de Perrin, 1879 - Gasteruption granulithorax Schletterer , 1885
    Gasteruption obliteratum Schletterer, 1885
    Gasteruption rugidorsum Schletterer, 1885
    Gasteruption thomsonii Schletterer, 1885
    Foenus rugidorsus Coast, 1885: 22
    Gasteryption granulithorax Semenov, 1892 - Gasteryption thomsoni Semenov , 1892
    Gasteryption thomsoni var. monochropus Semenov, 1892 - Gasteryption schewyrewi Semenov, 1892
    Gasteruption jaculator Kieffer, 1912
    Gasteruption rugidorsum Kieffer, 1912

    Gasteruption jaculator is distributed throughout much of southern and central Europe (Austria, Belgium, Great Britain, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the eastern Palearctic ecozone) and the Near East.

    G. jaculator reaches 18 mm in length and has the entire body black except a broad band on the front of the abdomen and legs that are reddish. His head is rounded. The females differ from the males, in addition to the presence of a long black ovopositor that ends in a white tip, by a peculiar thickening of the tibia of the hind legs.

    Gasteruption female jaculator

    It is characteristic of this species that when standing at rest, move the abdomen slowly up and down.

    They are frequent between May and September.

    BIRDS OF COLOMBIA / BIRDS OF COLOMBIA Photo Gallery by Robert Scanlon at pbase.com
    Neotropical Cormorant / Neotropical Cormorant Herons and Egrets / Herons Bare-faced Ibis / Ibis Caripelado ... / / / / / / Black-necked / Black-necked > Smooth-billed / / / Chestnut-collared White-collared < / Russet-throated / Red-ruffed / Crow-Fruit Golden-winged Golden-breasted / / Brown-capped / / Sparrows, Large-billed-Tern.jpg Large-billed-Tern.jpg Large-billed-Tern.jpg Large-billed-Tern.jpg Large-billed-Tern3.jpg Red-headed-Barbet2.jpg Red-headed-Barbet.jpg Kingfisher.jpg Squirrel-Cuckoo.jpg Tropical-Mockingbird.jpg Tropical-Mockingbird2.jpg Turkey-Vulture. Greyish-Saltator.jpg Greyish-Saltator2.jpg Black-capped-Tanager.jpg Indigo- Red-crowned-Woodpecker.jpg Saffron-Finch.jpg Scrub-Tanager.jpg Green-crowned-headed-Woodcreeper.jpg Yellow-legged-Thrush.jpg WVPlumeleteer.jpg

    The morphological characteristics that differentiate it from the other species are:

    1. Apex of the ovipositor sheath with a white or ivory - colored band of size 1.5-2.7 times longer than the posterior basitarsus (up to 3.0 times in African specimens).

    2. Flat head in front of the occipital carina, without a depression and occipital carina strongly lamelical and somewhat shorter than the diameter of the posterior ocelli

    3. Fifth segment of the antenna of the female of size 1-1.4 times that of the third segment. A vertex rather matte and very finely acciculated

    4. Space short malar

    5. Carina anteternal narrow

    6. Length of propleuron 0.8-0.9 times the distance between tegulae and mesoescutum

    7. Mesoscutum granulosa in the anterior part but with the rest more or less smooth.

    8. Lateral lobes more or less coriaceous in contrast to the middle lobe.

    9. Posteriorly swollen tibia.

    10. Tibia posterior and basitarsus of ivory color or more or less white in the subbasal area

    11. Oviductor sheath is 1.0-1.2 times the size of the body and 1.5-1.7 times greater than that of the metasoma (only 1.4 times greater than the metasoma in African specimens).