Caesalpinia pulcherrima - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In the botanical genus Caesalpinia the most popular plant species is Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Clavellino). Endemic to the tropics of America. It is a very common plant in the Dominican Republic.


It is a shrub or small tree 3 m high. The leaves are bipinnate, 2-4 dm long, with 3-10 pairs of pinnacles, with 6-10 pairs of leaflets of 15-25 mm long. and 10-15 mm wide. Flowers in clusters of 2 dm long, each flower with 5 yellow, orange or red petals. Fruit legume 6-12 cm long.

It is a striking ornamental plant, very cultivated in tropical gardens. It is the "National Flower" of the Caribbean island of Barbados.

Tlacuilos | Chronicles to document the everyday
In the trunk of a Montecarlo, Beto had made a cooler where they placed the beers to celebrate the work week. Photo: José Fuentes-Salinas Bob, one of the owners and supervisor of the company, turned a blind eye.

In India it is found in tropical rainforests. With its beautiful yellow, red and orange inflorescence, it is called "Ratnagundhi" colloquially.

Requires warm area and good sunny exposure, not being very demanding. It is used alone or in groups. With pruning it is formed as a tree.

Medicinal use

Amazonian shamans have traditionally used it; known as ayoowiri . Juice from its leaves cures fever, flower juice is used for pains, and coughing seeds, breathing difficulties, and chest pain. 4 g of the root induces abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy Caesalpinia pulcherrima was described by (Linnaeus) Sw. And published in Observationes botanicae Caesalpinia : generic name given in honor of Andrea Cesalpino (1524-1603), botanist, Italian philosopher;