Viburnum farreri - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Viburnum farreri or snowball is a species of shrub in the family Adoxaceae. They are native to China growing in Germany and France. It grows on drained soils in semi-shade.

Characteristics It is a very robust and robust deciduous shrub that reaches 35 dm in height and 25 in width. The branches are born from the base, but can be shaped like a tree. A favorite shrub for the winter garden. In youth the bush seems straight and rounded later. The leaves are obovate to ovates of 6 to 8 cm in length, acute, serrated, hard texture; are glabrous except on the nerves of the underside. They will turn purple before their fall. Their flowers are white or with pink tones when opening to become more roses on. Sweetly scented (as of January), 16 mm in diameter, in tops of 5 cm in diameter. These appear before the leaves are opened. It resists well the strong cold, until -12 ºC but in many occasions they turn brown with this cold. Its fruit is red that becomes black in maturation. In some species the fruit begins to be pale yellow. Just as the flower resists the low temperatures, the fruit does not usually support it. Care should be taken with them as they are toxic for ingestion.

Requires environments with enough ambient humidity (eg along streams). Obviously it needs more water in summer than in winter, this being a season where it should almost happen with very little water.

In summer: water once a day. It will not grow well in dry areas, so in very hot summers, it will be necessary to water two or three times a day, with little water, avoiding watering in the middle of the night.

In spring and autumn: once a week

In winter: water once a month

No need for spraying.

Grow well in mild climates, between 10 and 25 ° C , wet and on fresh and stony soils. It is located in shady places and edges of watercourses.

It is tolerant to frost, if temperatures drop below 0 ° C, the plant would not die, in any case it would be affected in its aerial part which would spring again in the spring. In fact it reaches to withstand the -20 ºC; if this is the case, its leaves would appear with a rough and bronzed brown color. It is part of the undergrowth of holm oaks and cork oaks sufficiently rainy and temperate. To shelter from strong and cold winds.

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Pruning is not necessary unless we want to give it a certain shape, for example, to make hedges. In this case it should be done immediately after flowering. If it is done before it, it will flower less the following year.

The majority of Viburnum do not suffer from excessive attacks of diseases or parasites. Although the attacks of the aphids and the red spider, which usually appear mainly in spring and summer, should be taken into account.

Viburnum flowers also attract many butterflies and clusters of fruit are popular among birds.

Viburnum growing in shaded areas can be attacked by dusty mold.

Since it has a medium-high growth it may be advisable to transplant every spring.

Well-drained substrate to avoid waterlogging, fresh and away from typical summer drying.

p> It also thanks a substrate with abundant organic matter so it is good to add periodically, mulch or even manure well composted, preferably in spring.

The pH of the same ranges from 5 to 7.5 so it fits well to all common floors.

The V. tinus requires a slightly more alkaline soil (with pH closer to 7.5) than V. opulus .

Multiplication
  • Young stem cuttings: mainly by cutting that is cut in summer (after flowering is completed) to root in a substrate rich mainly in peat and sand or perlite (depending on the choice). After 30 days of rooting it is possible to transplant it to its final place of cultivation or to place it in a pot until its plantation is decided.
  • Half-mature cuttings: in July or August; plant them in individual pots as soon as they begin to take root. These cuts are best to keep them a greenhouse or a cool frame until the next spring before planting them out.
  • Ripe wood cuttings: in winter if they have already well weeded, summer if not, leave them in a cold environment until the coming winter and then you can go permanently to the outside.
Seed: in seedlings in autumn and in cold environment Germination can be slow, it can take up to 18 months for results to be good.